CPTED is based on concepts that determine which factors may prevent crime in the built environment.
These concepts include:
- Crimes against people and property are less likely to occur if other people are around
- People in adjoining buildings and spaces should be able to see what others are doing
- It is important to give people options and safe choices, particularly in response to what is happening around them
There is also a set of principles commonly used in the area of CPTED.
These principles include:
- Surveillance - design to allow for passive surveillance
- Legibility - allows people to know where they are and how to get where they are going
- Territoriality - design provides clearly legitimate boundaries between private, semi-private, community group and public space
- Ownership of outcomes - encourage a sense of individual and community ownership of the space
- Management - design places to minimise opportunities for damage, allow regular maintenance and remove rubbish
- Vulnerability - design should respond to greater degrees of vulnerability or risk e.g., children
At Architecture & Access, our CPTED consultants can provide advice using the above concepts and principles to provide a framework for our services.
We provide advice through all stages of the design process but recognise that incorporating CPTED concepts is most effective when completed early in a project as this is where there is most opportunity to influence the design and to reduce the cost of making changes later in the design process.