Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED)

Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED)

CPTED is based on concepts that determine which factors may prevent crime in the built environment.

These concepts include:

  • Crimes against people and property are less likely to occur if other people are around
  • People in adjoining buildings and spaces should be able to see what others are doing
  • It is important to give people options and safe choices, particularly in response to what is happening around them
People standing in outdoor courtyard of office building

There is also a set of principles commonly used in the area of CPTED.

These principles include:

  • Surveillance - design to allow for passive surveillance
  • Legibility - allows people to know where they are and how to get where they are going
  • Territoriality - design provides clearly legitimate boundaries between private, semi-private, community group and public space
  • Ownership of outcomes - encourage a sense of individual and community ownership of the space
  • Management - design places to minimise opportunities for damage, allow regular maintenance and remove rubbish
  • Vulnerability - design should respond to greater degrees of vulnerability or risk e.g., children
People outside the front entrance of an office building at dusk

At Architecture & Access, our CPTED consultants can provide advice using the above concepts and principles to provide a framework for our services.

We provide advice through all stages of the design process but recognise that incorporating CPTED concepts is most effective when completed early in a project as this is where there is most opportunity to influence the design and to reduce the cost of making changes later in the design process.

Architecture & Access


Level 5, 369 Royal Parade
Parkville VIC Australia 3052

T 1300 715 866


Bowman House, Level 4,
Suite 41B, 276 Edward Street
Brisbane QLD 4000 Australia

T 1300 715 866